2. Hygiene and behaviour rules


Behaviour rules to adopt to avoid contamination and another infection peak

  • If possible, continue teleworking
  • Observe the rules of hand and respiratory hygiene.
  • Maintain a distance of 2 metres from other people.
  • Respect the rule limiting groups to no more than 5 people (with a social distance of 2 meters).
  • Wear a mask if the 2 meter distance rule cannot be respected (in a bus for example).
  • Stay at home if you have symptoms.
  • Always call before going to the doctor or an emergency service. 

General hygiene measures

  •       Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, or with an alcohol-based solution.
  • No handshakes and hugging and keep at a sufficient distance (approx. 2 m.) from your interlocutors.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.
  • Cough and sneeze into a paper tissue.
  • After use, throw the paper tissue in a trashcan and wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water, or an alcohol-based solution.
  • Cough and sneeze into the crook of the elbow if you don't have a paper tissue.

Basic hygiene measures
FOPH recommendations

Safety masks

The coronavirus is transmitted mainly through droplets released by coughing or sneezing. To protect your health and the health of others, it is therefore essential to stay at home as much as possible, to respect social distances, to wash your hands regularly, and to sneeze and cough in the crook of your elbow.

Wearing surgical masks is not advocated for healthy people. Masks are primarily designed so that a sick person does not contaminate his/her environment or other people.

Although they provide a physical barrier, masks do not provide a complete barrier. They will only partially protect a healthy person from being contaminated by viruses that affect the respiratory system. Wearing a mask can therefore convey a false sense of security.On a daily basis, masks are recommended only when the 2 meter distance rule cannot be respected.

Inter-personal distancing protects more efficiently than a mask.


Wearing a surgical mask is only indicated in the following cases :

  • For people with acute respiratory symptoms who need to leave their home (e.g. for a medical consultation).
  • For COVID+ persons in home isolation, when they must go outside their home for the shortest possible time.
  • For contacts in home quarantine when they must leave their home for as short a time as possible.
  • For health care professionals who examine or look after care for patients, residents or clients without being able to keep a distance of at least 2 metres.
  • For health care workers who provide services that involve close contact (less than 2 metres) with patients, residents or vulnerable persons.
  • For prolonged contact of less than 2 metres in the absence of other means of protection (e.g. Plexiglas).
Fabric masks

Fabric masks are not a substitute for certified surgical masks. Indeed, these masks are the only ones for which scientific data on filtration capacity and tightness are available.
For the wearer, a cloth mask or any other homemade mask does not offer any proven protection against coronavirus.


Check also (in French)


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