7. Prevention and treatment

To date, the only method of prevention is early detection of infected persons to keep them from infecting other people, thereby breaking the chains of transmission. 
If you have been in contact with a person who has been confirmed as having monkeypox
  • Ask the person who has tested positive for monkeypox to pass on your contact to the cantonal doctor's office (SMC), the health authority with which he/she is already in contact. The SMC will contact you with advice and you can ask any questions you may have about your individual situation. All the information collected is treated as strictly confidential.
  • Watch out for any symptoms of monkeypox (flu-like symptoms and/or skin sores) and take your body temperature at least twice a day until the 21st day after the last contact with the person who tested positive for monkeypox.
  • Avoid all contacts. You are not formally quarantined, but for 21 days and as a precautionary measure, you should 
    • limit your contacts to avoid infecting anyone, 
    • abstain from sexual contact
    • avoid physical contact with people at risk (children, elderly people, immunosuppressed people, pregnant women)
    • abstain from sleeping in the same bed as another person
    • and wash your hands regularly.

The human smallpox vaccine that has been used in Switzerland in the past provides 85% protection against monkeypox. Since human smallpox has been eradicated, its vaccine is currently not available in Switzerland. It is also not yet clear to what extent current vaccines available in other countries could be useful against monkeypox. Research is ongoing

Most infections heal by themselves, so there is usually no need for specific treatment. Medication for fever and pain should be sufficient if necessary. 

Last updated
13 June 2022

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