7. Prevention and treatment

Most infections heal spontaneously. Therefore, there is usually no need for specific treatment, and, if needed, medication for fever, pain or itching is sufficient.

In rare cases and depending on the situation, antiviral or immunoglobulin treatment is prescribed by health professionals.

To date, the best method of prevention is the earliest possible detection of infected persons. The aim is to keep them from infecting other people, thereby breaking the chains of transmission. 

If you have been in contact with a person who has been confirmed as having monkeypox

  • Ask the person who has tested positive for monkeypox to pass on your contact to the cantonal doctor's office (SMC), the health authority with which he/she is already in contact. The SMC will contact you with advice and you can ask any questions you may have about your individual situation. All the information collected is treated as strictly confidential.
  • Or call the cantonal doctor's office (SMC) yourself at 022 546 55 27 to receive guidance and recommendations. 
  • Watch out for any symptoms of monkeypox (flu-like symptoms and/or skin sores) and take your body temperature at least twice a day until the 21st day after the last contact with the person who tested positive for monkeypox. If symptoms appear, contact a doctor and report this exposure to monkeypox.
  • Avoid all contacts. You should adapt your behaviour to avoid transmitting the disease to others. For example, as a precautionary measure, you can be careful by: 
    • limiting your contacts to avoid infecting anyone, 
    • abstaining from sexual contact
    • avoiding physical contact with people at risk (children, elderly people, immunosuppressed people, pregnant women)
    • abstaining from sleeping in the same bed as another person
    • washing your hands regularly
    • avoiding to share objects (linen, sheets, kitchenware, etc.) or using the same bathroom as other people.
Last updated
2 September 2022

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