COVID-19 - How to protect yourself and others

3. In case of symptoms or positive test

As of 1st of April 2022, there are no longer any isolation or quarantine measures in Switzerland.
What should you do if you have a positive Covid-19 test or if you have symptoms?

What are COVID-19 symptoms ?

The coronavirus can have different symptoms. The most common are:

  • Acute respiratory tract infection : sore throat, cough (especially dry), respiratory failure, chest pain
  • Fever
  • Sudden loss of smell and/or taste
  • Headache
  • General weakness, feeling unwell
  • Muscle pain
  • Common cold
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms (nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, stomach ache)
  • Skin rashes

Symptoms may vary in severity and can change depending on the variant. They can also be mild. A simple cold might already be a sign of infection. Complications such as pneumonia are also possible.

Now that the isolation measures have been lifted, you no longer have to stay at home. This means that, if your general condition allows it, you can also go to your workplace (or school). However, some precautions are still important for your health, and the health of people around you.

All the recommendations listed hereafter are valid as long as you have symptoms, and for longer if you consider it necessary. If you have no symptoms but your test is positive, we recommend that you apply these precautions for at least 5 to 7 days after your test.

  • Wear a mask.
  • If you have severe or worsening symptoms or are concerned about your condition: make an appointment with your doctor as soon as possible, go to the hospital emergency room or call 144.
  • If you have symptoms that prevent you from going to work: consult your employer or your family doctor. As of 1st April 2022, the cantonal doctor's office (DGS) will no longer issue a medical certificate or a decision to isolate you.
  • If possible, work from home, in agreement with your employer.
  • Warn vulnerable people with whom you have been in contact in the previous days.
  • Do not visit a vulnerable person (at least during the 5 to 7 days following your positive test or the onset of your first symptoms).
  • Limit your contact with other people (e.g. going out with friends).
  • Avoid places with lots of people.
  • Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, or with a hydroalcoholic solution.
  • Air out regularly by opening windows.
  • Avoid shaking hands and hugging.
  • Cough or sneeze into the crook of your elbow.
  • After use, dispose of paper handkerchiefs in a waste bin and wash your hands thoroughly afterwards with soap and water, or with a hydroalcoholic solution.

If you are living with a vulnerable person or if you work with vulnerable people (medical and nursing professionals)

  • If you have symptoms: perform a Covid-19 test (medical and nursing professionals).
  • Minimise contact within the home (e.g. avoid eating meals together, or sleeping in the same room for the duration of your symptoms or at least for 5-7 days after your test if you have no symptoms).
  • Wear a mask inside your home (both you and the vulnerable person).
  • Clean surfaces regularly.
  • Wash your hands regularly with soap and water.
  • Air the room regularly.

If you are a vulnerable person

  • If you have symptoms: perform a Covid-19 test.
  • If you test positive: contact your family doctor without delay to inform him/her.
  • If you are pregnant: get tested promptly for Covid-19 symptoms, and in case of a positive result, contact your gynaecologist to discuss the next steps.
  • If you are immunosuppressed: COVID treatments are available for immunosuppressed people. They should be taken promptly after the onset of symptoms. If you think you may be immunosuppressed, contact your doctor as soon as possible or call 022 372 50 00 (HUG CoviCare), 7/7 from 9am to 5pm, for more information.
Immunosuppressed people are people who :
have a disease that affects their immune system (e.g. blood diseases, HIV, sickle cell disease-SCD) 
are taking immunosuppressive treatment (e.g. treatment for cancer, treatment for autoimmune disease, people who have been transplanted).


More information
If you cannot find the answer to your question, contact the Covid-19 Helpline, open from Monday to Friday from 9am to 5pm at 0800 909 400.

Consult all the COVID-19 information lines.

Last updated
1 July 2022

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